Bayer Invests in CRISPR Therapeutics
Bayer and CRISPR Therapeutics have entered into an agreement to create a joint venture (JV) to discover, develop, and commercialize new breakthrough therapeutics to cure blood disorders, blindness, and congenital heart disease. CRISPR Therapeutics will contribute its proprietary CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology and intellectual property, and Bayer will make available its protein engineering expertise and relevant disease know-how. The deal represents a strategic partnership to develop target delivery systems in an effort to bring systemic in vivo CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology applications to fruition.
The JV is the first investment by the newly established Bayer LifeScience Center (BLSC), which operates as a strategic innovation unit in Bayer directly reporting to Bayer’s board of management. The BLSC has the mission to uncover, encourage and unlock fundamental scientific and medical breakthroughs more rapidly by enabling innovative partnerships with entrepreneurial best-in-class biotechnology companies.
Under the deal, Bayer will provide a minimum of $300 million in R&D investments to the JV over the next five years. In addition, Bayer will acquire a minority stake in CRISPR Therapeutics for $35 million in cash. The JV will be led by Dr. Axel Bouchon, Head of the BLSC, on an interim basis as CEO, while Dr. Rodger Novak, CEO and co-founder of CRISPR Therapeutics, will serve as the interim chairman of the newly formed JV board. The soon to be named JV will be based in London, UK, with operations in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Through the JV, Bayer may secure exclusive rights to use CRISPR Therapeutics' and the JV's proprietary CRISPR-Cas9 technology and intellectual property in the three targeted disease areas, including blood disorders, blindness, and congenital heart diseases. CRISPR Therapeutics may gain exclusive access to Bayer's protein engineering know-how for use in Crispr products as well as Bayer's extensive expertise and knowledge in the three targeted disease areas. Newly created know-how from the collaboration around the CRISPR-Cas9 system beyond the three disease areas, will be exclusively made available to CRISPR Therapeutics for human-use, and to Bayer for non-human use, such as agricultural applications. All technology development and future intellectual property developed by the JV will also be exclusively available to the parent companies Bayer and CRISPR Therapeutics.
Closing of the transaction is subject to customary conditions, including merger control clearance in the US, and expected to occur in the first quarter of 2016.
“CRISPR” refers to Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats that occur in the genome of certain bacteria, from which the system was discovered. Cas9 is a CRISPR-associated endonuclease (an enzyme) known to act as the “molecular scissors” that cut and edit, or correct, disease-associated DNA in a cell. A guide RNA directs the Cas9 molecular scissors to the exact site of the disease-associated mutation. Once the molecular scissors make a cut in the DNA, additional cellular mechanisms and exogenously added DNA will use the cell’s own machinery and other elements to specifically ‘repair’ the DNA. This technology may offer the ability to directly modify or correct the underlying disease-associated changes in the human genome for the potential treatment of a large number of both rare and common diseases. Emmanuelle Charpentier, Ph.D., co-founder of CRISPR Therapeutics, co-invented the CRISPR-Cas9 technology and is the recipient of multiple awards in recognition of the contribution that the CRISPR-Cas9 technology may have on global health.
Source: Bayer AG